Carnations: Types and their symbolism

Carnations mean “God’s Flowers.” 

It occurs in hundreds of variants and is divided into three primary categories based on size. You can easily decorate your garden area and living space with colourful carnations. Nowadays online flower delivery has become very convenient. 

Meanings of Carnations


  • The light red colour symbolizes admiration.
  • The colour dark red symbolizes love and affection.
  • White symbolizes purity, good fortune, or love.
  • The colour yellow symbolizes sadness or unhappiness.
  • Pink is the colour of thankfulness.
  • Purple represents capriciousness.
  • Stripes represent refusal or regret.
  • Green symbolizes St. Patrick’s Day.


Carnation Varieties


Carnation Dianthus Caryophyllus


When people hear the word “carnation,” they usually think of these flowers. 

They appear in various colours, including pink, red, white, and salmon, and have greyish-green foliage. Carnations thrive in humid environments. Therefore they thrive in the South and other sections of the country with high humidity levels.

Carnations mean “God’s Flowers.” 

It occurs in hundreds of variants and is divided into three primary categories based on size.  


Sweet William Dianthus Barbatus


The first year you plant this sort of carnation, it will germinate and flourish. 

They begin to bloom in the second year, and because they rapidly reseed, you will have new crops every year. 

One of the main elaborate features of the Sweet William carnation is that it thrives in all climates, allowing people to grow it in any section of the country. 

Sweet Williams comes in various colours, including salmon, pink, white, and red, and has a unique fragrance and aroma. Sweet William is edible and endemic to regions of Asia and Southern Europe. 

It can grow upto a height of two feet and has clusters of half-inch flowers. 


Cheddar Pinks (Dianthus Grataniapolitensis)


Cheddar Pinks are perennial flowers that bloom in the summer and have a lovely shade of pink blooms that are also highly fragrant. 

Because they grow in a dense mat, the Cheddar Pinks are frequently utilized as a groundcover. They bloom from May through June and work best in zones 4–8. 

The flowers grow best in full sunlight and can reach a height of one foot. 

They have a strong fragrance and thrive when neither over nor under-watered. 

Furthermore, they are beautiful rose-pink tints and do not survive excessively in damp or cold soil. 

Since 1975, the Cheddar Pinks have become a protected species in the United Kingdom.


Maiden Pinks (Dianthus Deltoides).


These red or pink carnations bloom in the summer. 

They are considered short-term perennials and can be utilized as a groundcover. 

The blossoms of the Maiden Pinks are loosely tufted, with slender, dark green leaves. They have lovely green leaves and white, pink, and rosy-red blooms with crimson rings around the centre, as well as a delightful scent. They are an invasive species in the United States, native to western Asia and most of Europe.


Dianthus Chinensis 


This is one of the carnations that doesn’t do well in hot, humid weather. 

They thrive in alkaline soil, and if they are exposed to hot, humid conditions, they will just wither away and die. 

The Hardy Annual Dianthus blooms from the start of spring through fall and is usually white, crimson, or pink in colour. They are also known as Rainbow Pinks or China Pinks and are native to northern China, Mongolia, southeastern Russia, and Korea. 

They can be grown alone or in tiny clusters and feature green to greyish-green leaves.


Plumarius Dianthus


This carnation is a simple pink colour that is quite popular among carnation enthusiasts. 

They can grow upto a height of 2 feet and usually have five pink petals with fringed edges. From May to August, they bloom. 

They originated in Croatia, Slovenia, and Austria but are now widely distributed throughout the Midwest, South, and Northeast.


Armeria Dianthus


The Dianthus Armeria is a grassy-pink flower with five vivid red petals in tiny clusters at the top of the stems that is native to most of Europe. 

They bloom from early to late summer and can reach a height of 12 inches in the wild, though they can reach much higher heights when cared for properly. 

This species of carnation is commonly used in gardens as a decorative bloom and to highlight other flowers due to its simple colour. 


Pavonius Dianthus


These peacock (dark) pink carnations are short-stemmed and grow to be less than 10 inches tall. The leaves are pointy and bluish-green in hue, while the blossoms are purple-pink with brown or blue centres. 

They bloom from April to May, and their fruit capsules contain many brown, flat seeds. 

They are an extremely prominent and eye-catching carnation. Online flower delivery in Delhi and add colours to your life. 


Superbus Dianthus


This is a popular carnation that comes with either standard or fringed edges. 

With a green centre, it comes in red, white, or purple. 

You may lengthen the flower’s blooming period by deadheading it, and it also has a charming aroma. 

The aroma of the Dianthus Superbus is simple to enjoy because it grows low to the ground, and the blossom also contains sweet nectar. 

This is one flower that may be eaten if you boil it first, and the resulting tea is used for multiple purposes, including contraceptive, infection prevention, and diuretic effects, to mention a few. Send flowers online to your loved ones and brighten up their day. 

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